Sunday, March 22, 2015

Brihadeeswara Temple - Big Temple - Tanjore - Tanjavur - India



The temple has a huge Shiva Linga and it is called the big temple. It built by Chola King. The Nandi is also equally big. The compound is big and one can see big compound as the temple is at the centre of the compound. I visited the temple in the March 2015. I shall post photos after some time.

You can see the temple complex in this Google Map view.

https://www.google.com/maps/@10.78267,79.132097,3a,75y,281h,90t/data=!3m5!1e1!3m3!1sywBKWbl2e-AAAAGu4uH7CA!2e0!3e11



Tanjavur was ruled by Nayaks after Cholas. Marathas defeated Cholas and ruled it afterwards till the British annexed it and made it part of British India in 1855.

Sunday, July 27, 2014

Peru - Tourism Travel - Videos

The second largest country in South America is famous for Lake Titicaca, mysterious Nazca culture and Machu Picchu, the Lost City Of The Incas.

___________________

___________________

Visit for more travel guide videos
https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC3o_gaqvLoPSRVMc2GmkDrg

Sunday, February 2, 2014

Sigiriya Fort on a Mountain - Sri Lanka



______________

______________


______________

______________


Sigiriya fort was discovered by the British in 1828.

Inscriptions found in the caves at the base of the rock indicate that Sigiriya mountain served as a place of religious retreat as far back as the third century BC. Buddhist monks established their places here. In the fifth century AD Sigiriya played a part in the Sri Lankan political affairs, following the power struggle which succeeded the reign of Dhatusena (455-473) of Anuradhapura. Dhatusena had two sons, Mogallana and Kassapa. Upon hearing that Mogallana had been declared heir to the throne, Kassapa rebelled, driving Mogallana into exile in India and imprisoning his father.

Kassapa, as preparation for the expected invasion by Mogallana with Indian military, constructed a new residence on top of the 200-metre-high Sigiriya rock  as a combination of pleasure palace and impregnable fortress. Kassapa intended the fort to emulate the legendary abode of Kubera, the god of wealth.  According to tradition, the entire extraordinary structure was built in just seven years, from 477 to 485.

The long-awaited invasion finally materialized in 491, with  Mogallana having raised an army of Tamil mercenaries to fight his cause. Despite the benefits of his impregnable fortress, Kassapa, descended from his rocky eminence and rode boldly out on an elephant at the head of his troops to meet the attackers on the plains below. Unfortunately for Kassapa, his elephant took fright and bolted at the height of the battle. His troops, thought he was retreating, fell back and  he got cut off in confusion. Facing certain capture and defeat, Kassapa killed himself. Sigiriya was handed over to the Buddhist monks, and its caves once again became home to religious ascetics seeking peace and solitude. The site was finally abandoned in 1155. But , for brief periods it was used for military purpose  by the Kingdom of Kandy in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. It was rediscovered by the British in 1828.

http://goldensrilanka.com/places/cultural-triangle/sigiriya/

http://www.lanka.com/sri-lanka/guide-to-sigiriya-873.html

Montreux Tour - Switzerland - Photos - YouTube Videos

Chateau Chillon
_____________

_____________

Freddie Mercury Statue - Lake Geneva Shore
_____________

_____________

Lavaux Vine Gardens
_____________

_____________

Chateau Chillon
_____________

_____________


Chateau Chillon is the most visited tourist spot of Switzerland. Every year 350,000 tourists visit this spot.
_____________


Charlie Chaplin Statue in Vevey
_____________

Chaplin settled in Vevey
_____________


_____________

_____________

Thursday, October 10, 2013

World Cyber Tour - Countries

 Afghanistan – Islamic Republic of Afghanistan UN member state

 Albania – Republic of Albania UN member state

 Algeria – People's Democratic Republic of Algeria UN member state

 Andorra – Principality of Andorra UN member state
Andorra is a co-principality in which the office of head of state is jointly held ex officio by the French president and the bishop of the Roman Catholic diocese of Urgell, who himself is appointed by the Holy See.

 Angola – Republic of Angola UN member state

 Antigua and Barbuda UN member state Antigua and Barbuda is a Commonwealth realmwith 1 autonomous region, Barbuda.

 Argentina – Argentine Republic UN member state

 Armenia – Republic of Armenia UN member state

 Australia – Commonwealth of Australia UN member state Australia is a Commonwealth realm and a federation of 6 states and 10 territories.

 Austria – Republic of Austria UN member state   Member of the EU. Austria is a federation of 9 states (Bundesländer).

 Azerbaijan – Republic of Azerbaijan UN member state None Azerbaijan contains 2 autonomous regions, Nakhchivan and Nagorno-Karabakh (Dağlıq Qarabağ).[Note 6] In Nagorno-Karabakh, a de facto state has been established.

 Bahamas, The – Commonwealth of The Bahamas UN member state   The Bahamas is a Commonwealth realm.
 Bahrain – Kingdom of Bahrain UN member state None
 Bangladesh – People's Republic of Bangladesh UN member state None
 Barbados UN member state None Barbados is a Commonwealth realm.[Note 5]
 Belarus – Republic of Belarus UN member state None
 Belgium – Kingdom of Belgium UN member state None Member of the EU.[Note 3] Belgium is a federation divided into linguistic communities and regions.
 Belize UN member state None Belize is a Commonwealth realm.[Note 5]
 Benin – Republic of Benin [Note 9] UN member state None
 Bhutan – Kingdom of Bhutan UN member state None

 Bolivia – Plurinational State of Bolivia UN member state

 Bosnia and Herzegovina UN member state None Bosnia and Herzegovina is a federation of 2 constituent units:
 Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
 Republika Srpska
and Brčko District, a self-governing administrative unit.[Note 10]
 Botswana – Republic of Botswana UN member state None
 Brazil – Federative Republic of Brazil UN member state None Brazil is a federation of 26 states and 1 federal district.
 Brunei – Nation of Brunei, Abode of Peace UN member state None Brunei claims sovereignty over part of the Spratly Islands.[Note 11]
 Bulgaria – Republic of Bulgaria UN member state None Member of the EU.[Note 3]
 Burkina Faso [Note 12] UN member state None
 Burma – Republic of the Union of Myanmar [Note 13][9] UN member state None
 Burundi – Republic of Burundi UN member state None
 Cambodia – Kingdom of Cambodia UN member state None
 Cameroon – Republic of Cameroon UN member state None
 Canada [Note 14] UN member state None Canada is a Commonwealth realm[Note 5] and a federation of 10 provinces and 3 territories.
 Cape Verde – Republic of Cape Verde UN member state None
 Central African Republic UN member state None
 Chad – Republic of Chad UN member state None
 Chile – Republic of Chile UN member state None Easter Island and the Juan Fernández Islands are "special territories" of Chile in the Valparaíso Region. Chile claims part of Antarctica as a commune in its Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region. Its claim overlaps with those of the UK and Argentina.[Note 8]
 China – People's Republic of China[Note 15] UN member state Claimed by the Republic of China The People's Republic of China (PRC) contains five autonomous regions, Guangxi, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia, Xinjiang and Tibet.[Note 6] Additionally, it has sovereignty over the Special Administrative Regions of:
 Hong Kong
 Macau
China is not recognised by 22 UN member states and the Holy See, which instead recognise Taiwan (the Republic of China).[Note 16]
China claims, but does not control, the de facto independent Taiwan,[Note 17] and the Indian-controlled South Tibet. India claims the Chinese-controlled Aksai Chin.[Note 18] China has some control over the disputed Paracel[Note 19] and Spratly Islands.[Note 11]
China, Republic of → Taiwan
 Colombia – Republic of Colombia UN member state None The Bajo Nuevo Bank and Serranilla Bank are under various claims by Honduras, Nicaragua, Jamaica, and the United States.[4]
 Comoros – Union of the Comoros UN member state None Comoros is a federation of 3 islands, and claims Mayotte, part of France, as a fourth.[Note 20][10] Comoros also disputes French sovereignty over Banc du Geyser.[4]
 Congo, Democratic Republic of the [Note 21] UN member state
 Congo, Republic of the [Note 22] UN member state
Cook Islands → Cook Islands
 Costa Rica – Republic of Costa Rica UN member state None
 Côte d'Ivoire – Republic of Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) UN member state None
 Croatia – Republic of Croatia UN member state None Member of the EU.
 Cuba – Republic of Cuba UN member state None
 Cyprus – Republic of Cyprus UN member state Not recognised by Turkey and Northern Cyprus Member of the EU.[Note 3] The northeastern part of the island is the de facto state of Northern Cyprus. See Foreign relations of Cyprus and Cyprus dispute. Turkey refers to the Republic of Cyprus government as "The Greek Cypriot Administration of South Cyprus".[11]
 Czech Republic UN member state None Member of the EU.
Democratic People's Republic of Korea → Korea, North
Democratic Republic of the Congo → Congo, Democratic Republic of the
 Denmark – Kingdom of Denmark UN member state None Member of the EU.[Note 3]
The Danish Realm also includes two self-governing territories:
 Faroe Islands (Føroyar/Færøerne)
 Greenland (Kalaallit Nunaat/Grønland)
 Djibouti – Republic of Djibouti UN member state None
 Dominica – Commonwealth of Dominica UN member state None
 Dominican Republic UN member state None
 East Timor – Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste [Note 24] UN member state None
 Ecuador – Republic of Ecuador UN member state None
 Egypt – Arab Republic of Egypt UN member state None
 El Salvador – Republic of El Salvador UN member state None
 Equatorial Guinea – Republic of Equatorial Guinea UN member state None
 Eritrea – State of Eritrea UN member state None
 Estonia – Republic of Estonia UN member state None Member of the EU.[Note 3]
 Ethiopia – Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia UN member state None Ethiopia is a federation of 9 regions and 2 chartered cities.
 Fiji – Republic of Fiji UN member state None Fiji contains 1 autonomous region, Rotuma.[Note 6][12][13]
 Finland – Republic of Finland UN member state None Member of the EU.[Note 3]
 Åland is a neutral and demilitarised autonomous region of Finland.[Note 6][Note 25]
 France – French Republic UN member state None Member of the EU.[Note 3] France contains 5 overseas regions/departments: French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte, and Réunion. France also includes the overseas territories of:
 Clipperton Island
 French Polynesia
 New Caledonia
 Saint-Barthélemy
 Saint Martin
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon
 Wallis and Futuna
 French Southern and Antarctic Lands (includes the Antarctic claim of Adélie Land).[Note 8]
French sovereignty over Banc du Geyser, Bassas da India, Europa Island, Glorioso Islands, Juan de Nova Island, Mayotte, and Tromelin Island is disputed in part by Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles and the Comoros.[4]
 Gabon – Gabonese Republic UN member state None
  Gambia, The – Republic of the Gambia UN member state None
 Georgia UN member state None Georgia contains 2 autonomous regions, Adjara and Abkhazia.[Note 6] In Abkhazia and South Ossetia, de facto states have been formed.
 Germany – Federal Republic of Germany UN member state None Member of the EU.[Note 3] Germany is a federation of 16 federated states (Länder).
 Ghana – Republic of Ghana UN member state None
 Greece – Hellenic Republic UN member state None Member of the EU.[Note 3] Mount Athos is an autonomous part of Greece that is jointly governed by the multinational "Holy Community" on the mountain and a civil governor appointed by the Greek government.[14]
 Grenada UN member state None Grenada is a Commonwealth realm.[Note 5]
 Guatemala – Republic of Guatemala UN member state None
 Guinea – Republic of Guinea[Note 26] UN member state None
 Guinea-Bissau – Republic of Guinea-Bissau UN member state None
 Guyana – Co-operative Republic of Guyana UN member state None All land west of the Essequibo River is claimed by Venezuela.[4]
 Haiti – Republic of Haiti UN member state None
Holy See → Vatican City
 Honduras – Republic of Honduras UN member state None
 Hungary UN member state None Member of the EU.[Note 3]
 Iceland – Republic of Iceland UN member state

 India – Republic of India UN member state India is a federation of 28 states and 7 union territories.


 Indonesia – Republic of Indonesia UN member state Indonesia has 5 provinces with official special autonomy status: Aceh, Jakarta SCR, Yogyakarta SR, Papua, and West Papua.[Note 6]

 Iran – Islamic Republic of Iran UN member state None
 Iraq – Republic of Iraq UN member state None Iraq is a federation[Note 20][15] of 18 governorates, 3 of which make up the autonomous Iraqi Kurdistan.[Note 6]
 Ireland [Note 27] UN member state None Member of the EU.[Note 3]
The Constitution of Ireland asserts the aspiration towards creating a united Ireland by peaceful means.[16]
 Israel – State of Israel UN member state Not recognised by 33 states In 1967, Israel occupied the Gaza Strip and the Sinai Peninsula from Egypt, the West Bank and East Jerusalem from Jordan, and the Golan Heights from Syria.[17] Israel annexed East Jerusalem[18] and the Golan Heights.[19] These areas are not internationally-recognised as being part of Israel.[4] Between 1982 and 2000, Israel occupied part of southern Lebanon, in what was known as the Security Zone.[20] Israel returned the Sinai Peninsula to Egypt as part of the Israel–Egypt Peace Treaty.[21] Israel no longer has a permanent civilian or military presence in the Gaza Strip, following its unilateral disengagement, but is still considered the occupying power under international law.[22][23][24][25][26] Israel is not recognised as a state by 32 UN members (including most Arab states) and by the SADR.
 Italy – Italian Republic UN member state None Member of the EU.[Note 3] Italy has 5 autonomous regions, Aosta Valley, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Sardinia, Sicily and Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol.[Note 6]
Ivory Coast → Côte d'Ivoire

 Jamaica UN member state None Jamaica is a Commonwealth realm.[Note 5]
 Japan UN member state None Japan disputes Russian administration of the South Kuril Islands.
 Jordan – Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan UN member state None
 Kazakhstan – Republic of Kazakhstan UN member state None
 Kenya – Republic of Kenya UN member state None
 Kiribati – Republic of Kiribati UN member state None
 Korea, North – Democratic People's Republic of Korea UN member state Claimed by South Korea North Korea is not recognised by two UN members: Japan and South Korea.[Note 28][27]
 Korea, South – Republic of Korea UN member state Claimed by North Korea South Korea contains 1 autonomous region, Jeju-do.[Note 6][28] South Korea is not recognised by one UN member: North Korea.[Note 28]
Kosovo → Kosovo
 Kuwait – State of Kuwait UN member state None
 Kyrgyzstan – Kyrgyz Republic UN member state None
 Laos – Lao People's Democratic Republic UN member state None
 Latvia – Republic of Latvia UN member state None Member of the EU.[Note 3]
 Lebanon – Lebanese Republic UN member state None
 Lesotho – Kingdom of Lesotho UN member state None
 Liberia – Republic of Liberia UN member state None
 Libya – State of Libya UN member state None
 Liechtenstein – Principality of Liechtenstein UN member state None
 Lithuania – Republic of Lithuania UN member state None Member of the EU.[Note 3]
 Luxembourg – Grand Duchy of Luxembourg UN member state None Member of the EU.[Note 3]
 Macedonia – Republic of Macedonia UN member state None Because of the Macedonia naming dispute, the country is referred to by the UN and a number of states and international organizations as "the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia".
 Madagascar – Republic of Madagascar UN member state None Madagascar claims the French territories of Banc du Geyser, Juan de Nova Island, and the Glorioso Islands.[4]
 Malawi – Republic of Malawi UN member state None
 Malaysia UN member state None Malaysia is a federation of 13 states and 3 federal territories. Malaysia claims part of the Spratly Islands.[Note 11]
 Maldives – Republic of Maldives UN member state None
 Mali – Republic of Mali UN member state None
 Malta – Republic of Malta UN member state None Member of the EU.[Note 3]
 Marshall Islands – Republic of the Marshall Islands UN member state None Under Compact of Free Association with the United States.
 Mauritania – Islamic Republic of Mauritania UN member state None
 Mauritius – Republic of Mauritius UN member state None Mauritius has an autonomous island, Rodrigues.[Note 6] Mauritius claims the British Indian Ocean Territory and the French island of Tromelin.[4]
 Mexico – United Mexican States UN member state None Mexico is a federation of 31 states and 1 federal district.
 Micronesia, Federated States of UN member state None Under Compact of Free Association with the United States. The Federated States of Micronesia is a federation of 4 states.
 Moldova – Republic of Moldova UN member state None Moldova has the autonomous regions of Gagauzia and Transnistria, the latter of which has established a de facto state.
 Monaco – Principality of Monaco UN member state None
 Mongolia UN member state None
 Montenegro UN member state None
 Morocco – Kingdom of Morocco UN member state None Morocco claims sovereignty over Western Sahara and controls most of it, which is disputed by the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic. Morocco disputes Spanish sovereignty over Ceuta, Melilla and the "Plazas de soberanía".[4]
 Mozambique – Republic of Mozambique UN member state None
Myanmar → Burma
Nagorno-Karabakh → Nagorno-Karabakh
 Namibia – Republic of Namibia UN member state None
 Nauru – Republic of Nauru UN member state None
   Nepal – Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal UN member state None Nepal is a federation composed of 14 zones.
 Netherlands – Kingdom of the Netherlands UN member state None Member of the EU.[Note 3] The Kingdom of the Netherlands consists of four constituent countries:
 Netherlands
 Aruba
 Curaçao
 Sint Maarten
The monarch and his ministers form the government of the kingdom as well as the government of its constituent country, the Netherlands. Following the dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles in 2010, Curaçao and Sint Maarten have become constituent countries, which, alongside Aruba, enjoy considerable autonomy. The other three islands (Bonaire, Saba, Sint Eustatius) became special municipalities of the Netherlands.
The designation "Netherlands" can refer either to one of the Kingdom's constituent countries or to the short name for the Kingdom (e.g. in international organizations). The Kingdom of the Netherlands as a whole is a member of the EU, but EU law applies only to parts within Europe.
 New Zealand UN member state None New Zealand is a Commonwealth realm,[Note 5] and has the dependent territories of:
 Ross Dependency [Note 8]
 Tokelau
The Tokelauan government claims sovereignty over Swains Island, part of American Samoa, a territory of the United States.[29] New Zealand does not recognize the Tokelauan claim.[30]
New Zealand has responsibilities for two freely associated states:
 Cook Islands
 Niue
The Cook Islands and Niue have diplomatic relations with 39 and 8 UN members respectively.[31][32][33] They have full treaty-making capacity in the UN,[34] and are members of some UN specialized agencies.
 Nicaragua – Republic of Nicaragua UN member state None Claims the San Andrés archipelago, part of Colombian territorial waters
Nicaragua contains 2 autonomous regions, Atlántico Sur and Atlántico Norte.[Note 6]
 Niger – Republic of Niger UN member state None
 Nigeria – Federal Republic of Nigeria UN member state None Nigeria is a federation of 36 states and 1 federal territory.
Niue → Niue
Northern Cyprus → Northern Cyprus
North Korea → Korea, North
 Norway – Kingdom of Norway UN member state None
Svalbard is an integral part of Norway, but has a special status due to the Svalbard Treaty.
Norway has the dependent territories of:
Bouvet Island
Peter I Island[Note 8]
Queen Maud Land[Note 8]
 Oman – Sultanate of Oman UN member state None
 Pakistan – Islamic Republic of Pakistan UN member state None Pakistan is a federation of 4 provinces, 1 capital territory, and tribal regions. Pakistan disputes Indian sovereignty over Kashmir. It exercises control over some areas, but does not explicitly claim any part of it,[35][36] instead regarding it as a disputed territory.[37][38] The portions that it controls are divided into two polities, administered separately from Pakistan proper:[Note 18]
 Azad Kashmir
 Gilgit–Baltistan
 Palau – Republic of Palau UN member state None Under Compact of Free Association with the United States.
 Palestine – State of Palestine UN observer state; member of UNESCO Disputed by Israel The declared State of Palestine has received diplomatic recognition from 133 states.[39] The proclaimed state has no agreed territorial borders, or effective control on the territory that it proclaimed.[40] The Palestinian National Authority is an interim administrative body formed as a result of the Oslo Accords that exercises limited autonomous jurisdiction within the Palestinian territories. In foreign relations, Palestine is represented by the Palestine Liberation Organization.[41] The State of Palestine is a member state of UNESCO,[42] and an observer state in the UN.
 Panama – Republic of Panama UN member state None
 Papua New Guinea – Independent State of Papua New Guinea UN member state None Papua New Guinea is a Commonwealth realm[Note 5] with 1 autonomous region, Bougainville.[Note 6]
 Paraguay – Republic of Paraguay UN member state None
 Peru – Republic of Peru UN member state None
 Philippines – Republic of the Philippines UN member state None The Philippines contains one autonomous region, the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao.[Note 6] There has been efforts to establish the Cordillera Administrative Region as an autonomous region as well, however in the last referendum of 1998, the people of the Cordillera region voted against the proposition. The Philippines administers Scarborough Shoal and some of the Spratly Islands,[Note 11] and claims sovereignty over Sabah, which is part of Malaysia.[4]
 Poland – Republic of Poland UN member state None Member of the EU.[Note 3]
 Portugal – Portuguese Republic UN member state None Member of the EU.[Note 3] Portugal contains 2 autonomous regions, Azores and Madeira.[Note 6] Portugal does not recognize Spanish sovereignty over Olivenza and Táliga.[4]
Pridnestrovie → Transnistria
 Qatar – State of Qatar UN member state None
Republic of Korea → Korea, South
Republic of the Congo → Congo, Republic of the
 Romania UN member state None Member of the EU.[Note 3]
 Russia – Russian Federation UN member state None Russia is officially a federation of 83 federal subjects (republics, oblasts, krais, autonomous okrugs, federal cities, and an autonomous oblast). Several of the federal subjects are ethnic republics.[Note 6] Sovereignty over the South Kuril Islands is disputed by Japan.
 Rwanda – Republic of Rwanda UN member state None
Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic → Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
 Saint Kitts and Nevis – Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis UN member state None Saint Kitts and Nevis is a Commonwealth realm[Note 5] and is a federation [Note 20] of 14 parishes.
 Saint Lucia UN member state None Saint Lucia is a Commonwealth realm.[Note 5]
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines UN member state None Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is a Commonwealth realm.[Note 5]
 Samoa – Independent State of Samoa UN member state None
 San Marino – Republic of San Marino UN member state None
 São Tomé and Príncipe – Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe UN member state None São Tomé and Príncipe contains 1 autonomous province, Príncipe.[Note 6]
 Saudi Arabia – Kingdom of Saudi Arabia UN member state None
 Senegal – Republic of Senegal UN member state None
 Serbia – Republic of Serbia UN member state None Serbia contains 2 autonomous regions, Vojvodina and Kosovo and Metohija.[Note 6] Most of the latter is under the de facto control of the Republic of Kosovo.
 Seychelles – Republic of Seychelles UN member state None Seychelles claims the British Indian Ocean Territory.[4]
 Sierra Leone – Republic of Sierra Leone UN member state None
 Singapore – Republic of Singapore UN member state None
 Slovakia – Slovak Republic UN member state None Member of the EU.[Note 3]
 Slovenia – Republic of Slovenia UN member state None Member of the EU.[Note 3]
 Solomon Islands UN member state None The Solomon Islands is a Commonwealth realm.[Note 5]
 Somalia – Federal Republic of Somalia UN member state None Somalia is presently divided with its official government (TFG) controlling only part of the country. Puntland and Galmudug have declared themselves as autonomous regions of Somalia (a claim that the TFG does not recognise),[43][need quotation to verify] while Somaliland has formed an unrecognised de facto state.
Somaliland → Somaliland
 South Africa – Republic of South Africa UN member state None
South Korea → Korea, South
South Ossetia → South Ossetia
 South Sudan – Republic of South Sudan UN member state None South Sudan is a federation of 10 states. Disputes Abyei with the Republic of the Sudan.[4]
 Spain – Kingdom of Spain UN member state None Member of the EU.[Note 3] Spain is divided into autonomous communities and cities.[Note 6] Sovereignty over Ceuta, Isla de Alborán, Isla Perejil, Islas Chafarinas, Melilla and Peñón de Alhucemas is disputed by Morocco. Sovereignty over Olivenza and Táliga is disputed by Portugal. Spain calls for sovereignty over Gibraltar.[4]
 Sri Lanka – Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka UN member state None Formerly known as Ceylon.
 Sudan – Republic of the Sudan UN member state None Sudan is a federation of 17 states. Disputes Abyei and Kafia Kingi with South Sudan.
Sudan, South → South Sudan
 Suriname – Republic of Suriname UN member state
 Swaziland – Kingdom of Swaziland UN member state
 Sweden – Kingdom of Sweden UN member state   Member of the EU

Switzerland – Swiss Confederation UN member state.   Switzerland is a federation of 26 cantons.

 Syria – Syrian Arab Republic UN member state None Israel occupies the Golan Heights.[17]

Taiwan (Republic of China) → Taiwan
 Tajikistan – Republic of Tajikistan UN member state None Tajikistan contains 1 autonomous region, Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province.[Note 6]
 Tanzania – United Republic of Tanzania UN member state None Tanzania contains 1 autonomous region, Zanzibar.[Note 6]
 Thailand – Kingdom of Thailand UN member state None
Timor-Leste → East Timor
 Togo – Togolese Republic UN member state None
 Tonga – Kingdom of Tonga UN member state None
Transnistria → Transnistria
 Trinidad and Tobago – Republic of Trinidad and Tobago UN member state None Trinidad and Tobago contains 1 autonomous region, Tobago.[Note 6]
 Tunisia – Republic of Tunisia UN member state None
 Turkey – Republic of Turkey UN member state None
 Turkmenistan UN member state None
 Tuvalu UN member state None Tuvalu is a Commonwealth realm.[Note 5]
 Uganda – Republic of Uganda UN member state None
 Ukraine UN member state None Ukraine contains 1 autonomous region, Crimea.[Note 6]
 United Arab Emirates UN member state None The United Arab Emirates is a federation of 7 emirates.
 United Kingdom – United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland UN member state None Member of the EU.[Note 3] The United Kingdom is a Commonwealth realm[Note 5] consisting of four countries: England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales. The United Kingdom has the following overseas territories:
 Akrotiri and Dhekelia
 Anguilla
 Bermuda
 British Indian Ocean Territory (disputed by Mauritius and Seychelles)[4]
 British Virgin Islands
 Cayman Islands
 Falkland Islands (claimed by Argentina)[4]
 Gibraltar (status disputed by Spain)
 Montserrat
 Pitcairn Islands
 Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
 Turks and Caicos Islands
 British Antarctic Territory [Note 8] (disputed by Argentina and Chile)
The British monarch has direct sovereignty over three self-governing Crown dependencies:
 Guernsey, with three dependencies:
 Alderney
 Herm
 Sark
 Isle of Man
 Jersey
 United States – United States of America UN member state None The United States is a federation of 50 states, 1 federal district, and the incorporated territory of Palmyra Atoll. The United States has sovereignty over the following inhabited possessions and commonwealths:
 American Samoa (including Swains Island, disputed by Tokelau)
 Guam
 Northern Mariana Islands
 Puerto Rico
 U.S. Virgin Islands
It also has sovereignty over several uninhabited territories:
Baker Island
Howland Island
Jarvis Island
Johnston Atoll
Kingman Reef
Midway Atoll
Navassa Island (claimed by Haiti)
Wake Island (claimed by the Marshall Islands)
The United States asserts claims to Colombian-controlled Bajo Nuevo Bank and Serranilla Bank.[4]
Three sovereign states have become associated states of the United States under the Compact of Free Association:
 Marshall Islands – Republic of the Marshall Islands
 Micronesia – Federated States of Micronesia
 Palau – Republic of Palau
 Uruguay – Oriental Republic of Uruguay UN member state None
 Uzbekistan – Republic of Uzbekistan UN member state None Uzbekistan contains 1 autonomous region, Karakalpakstan.[Note 6]
 Vanuatu – Republic of Vanuatu UN member state None
  Vatican City – Vatican City State UN observer state; member of multiple UN specialized agencies and the IAEA None Administered by the Holy See, a sovereign entity with diplomatic ties to 179 states.[44] The Holy See is a member of the IAEA, ITU, UPU, and WIPO and a permanent observer of the UN (in the category of "Non-member State")[41] and multiple other UN System organizations. The Vatican City is governed by officials appointed by the Pope, who is the Bishop of the Archdiocese of Rome and ex officio sovereign of Vatican City. The Holy See also administers a number of extraterritorial properties in Italy.
 Venezuela – Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela UN member state None Venezuela is a federation of 23 states, 1 capital district, and federal dependencies.
 Vietnam – Socialist Republic of Vietnam UN member state None Vietnam claims sovereignty over the Paracel[Note 19] and Spratly Islands.[Note 11][4]
 Yemen – Republic of Yemen UN member state None
 Zambia – Republic of Zambia UN member state None
 Zimbabwe – Republic of Zimbabwe UN member state None
↑ UN member states and observer states ↑
↓ Other states ↓
 Abkhazia – Republic of Abkhazia No membership Claimed by Georgia Recognised by Russia, Nauru, Nicaragua, Tuvalu,[45] Venezuela,[46] South Ossetia and Transnistria.[47] Claimed in whole by Georgia as the Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia.
 Cook Islands Member of multiple UN specialized agencies None A state in free association with New Zealand, the Cook Islands has diplomatic relations with 41 other states. The Cook Islands is a member of multiple UN agencies with full treaty making capacity.[34] It shares a head of state with New Zealand as well as having shared citizenship.
 Kosovo – Republic of Kosovo Member of the IMF and WBG Claimed by Serbia Kosovo unilaterally declared independence in 2008 and it has received diplomatic recognition from 106 UN member states and Taiwan. Pursuant to United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244, Kosovo is formally under the administration of the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo. Serbia continues to maintain its sovereignty claim over Kosovo. Other UN member states and non UN member states continue to recognise Serbian sovereignty or have taken no position on the question. Kosovo is a member of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank Group. The Republic of Kosovo has de facto control over most of the territory, with limited control in North Kosovo.
 Nagorno-Karabakh – Nagorno-Karabakh Republic No membership Claimed by Azerbaijan A de facto independent state,[48][49][50] recognised only by Abkhazia,[51] South Ossetia[51] and Transnistria.[51][52] Claimed in whole by Azerbaijan.[53]
 Niue Member of multiple UN specialized agencies None A state in free association with New Zealand, Niue has relations with nine other states. Niue is a member of multiple UN agencies with full treaty making capacity.[34] It shares a head of state with New Zealand as well as having shared citizenship.
 Northern Cyprus – Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus No membership Claimed by Cyprus Recognised only by Turkey. Under the name "Turkish Cypriot State", it is an observer state of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation and the Economic Cooperation Organization. In addition, the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic regards TRNC as sovereign but Azerbaijan has not followed suit.[citation needed] Northern Cyprus is claimed in whole by the Republic of Cyprus.[54]
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic No membership Claimed by Morocco Recognised by 84 UN member states, 36 of which have since withdrawn or frozen their recognition. It is a founding member of the African Union and the Asian-African Strategic Partnership formed at the 2005 Asian-African Conference. The territories under its control, the so-called Free Zone, are claimed in whole by Morocco as part of its Southern Provinces. In turn, the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic claims the part of Western Sahara to the west of the Moroccan Wall controlled by Morocco. Its government resides in exile in Tindouf, Algeria.
 Somaliland – Republic of Somaliland No membership Claimed by Somalia A de facto independent state,[48][55][56][57][58] not diplomatically recognised by any other state, claimed in whole by the Federal Republic of Somalia.[59]
 South Ossetia – Republic of South Ossetia No membership Claimed by Georgia A de facto independent state,[60] recognised by Russia, Nicaragua, Nauru, Venezuela,[46] Abkhazia and Transnistria.[47] Claimed in whole by Georgia as the Provisional Administrative Entity of South Ossetia.[61]
 Taiwan – Republic of China[Note 15] No membership Claimed by the People's Republic of China A state competing for recognition with the People's Republic of China as the government of China since 1949. The Republic of China controls the island of Taiwan and associated islands, Quemoy, Matsu, the Pratas and parts of the Spratly Islands,[Note 11] and has not renounced claims over its annexed territories on the mainland.[62] The Republic of China is recognised by 22 UN member states and the Holy See as of 2011. The territory of the Republic of China is claimed in whole by the People's Republic of China.[Note 17] The Republic of China participates in international organizations under a variety of pseudonyms, most commonly "Chinese Taipei" and in the WTO it has full membership. The Republic of China was a founding member of the UN and enjoyed membership from 1945 to 1971, with veto power in the security council. See China and the United Nations.
 Transnistria – Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic No membership Claimed by Moldova A de facto independent state,[48] recognised only by Abkhazia and South Ossetia.[47] Claimed in whole by Moldova as the Territorial Unit of Transnistria.[63]

Australia - Country Tour



 Australia –


Commonwealth of Australia  UN member state  

Australia is a Commonwealth realm and a federation of 6 states and 10 territories.



The external territories of Australia are:
 Ashmore and Cartier Islands
 Australian Antarctic Territory
 Christmas Island
 Cocos (Keeling) Islands
 Coral Sea Islands Territory
 Heard Island and McDonald Islands
 Norfolk Island

___________

___________